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ASIAN-AFRICAN CONFERENCE 2015

Sixty years ago on 19 April 1955 Bandung, capital of West Java Province made world history when leaders from 29 Asian and African emerging countries, most of whom had just gained independence from centuries of colonial rule, gathered to walk together and join hands in the First Asian African Conference, determined to create their own future. This year, this historic moment will be celebrated in the 60th Commemoration of The Asian-African Conference which will take place from 19th to 24rd April 2015 both in Bandung and Jakarta, capital city of Indonesia.

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Asian-African Conference in 1955 marked an important milestone in the history of Asian and African countries. The delegates from 29 participating countries gathered in Bandung, Indonesia to discuss peace, security, and economic development in the midst of emerging problems in many parts of the world. The problems were mostly caused by the two blocs who had different interests and ideologically contradicted. The blocs were known as Western Bloc and Eastern Bloc.

Each of them tried to persuade support from the countries in Asia and Africa which was known as “the Cold War”. The world situation, especially in Asia and Africa, was also affected by colonialism in various forms. In addition, some independent Asian-African countries suffered conflicts that existed as a result of colonialism and divide et impera politic. At the time, the United Nations was unable to tackle those problems.

The problems become the major reasons for the governments of Burma (Myanmar), India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka) to organize the Asian-African Conference (AAC). They invited countries from Asia, Africa, and the Middle East to craft a new ethos of relationship among nations which was called "The Spirit of Bandung". The Leaders at the AAC also declared "The Ten Principles of Bandung" that reflects the commitment of nations to practice tolerance and to live peace with one another as good neighbors.